GRI 413: Local Communities 2016 sets out reporting requirements on the topic of local communities. This Standard can be used by an organization of any size, type, sector or geographic location that wants to report on its impacts related to this topic.


In the context of the GRI Standards, the social dimension of sustainability concerns an organization’s impacts on the social systems within which it operates.

GRI 413 addresses the topic of local communities. In the GRI Standards, local communities are defined as persons or groups of persons living and/or working in any areas that are economically, socially or environmentally impacted (positively or negatively) by an organization’s operations. The local community can range from persons living adjacent to an organization’s operations, to those living at a distance who are still likely to be impacted by these operations.

An organization’s activities and infrastructure can have significant economic, social, cultural, and/or environmental impacts on local communities. Where possible, organizations are expected to anticipate and avoid negative impacts on local communities. Establishing a timely and effective stakeholder identification and engagement process is important to help organizations understand the vulnerability of local communities and how these might be affected by the organization’s activities.

Due to the heterogeneous nature of local communities, an organization is expected to consider the differentiated nature of communities and the distinct and specific vulnerabilities these groups can suffer as a result of the organization’s activities.      

These concepts are covered in key instruments of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the United Nations: see the References section of this Standard.

The disclosures in this Standard can provide information about an organization’s impacts related to local communities, and how it manages these impacts.

Effective date: 1 July 2018



GRI 413: Local Communities

1. Management approach disclosures
2. Topic-specific disclosures

Disclosure 413-1 Operations with local community engagement, impact assessments, and development programs
Disclosure 413-2 Operations with significant actual and potential negative impacts on local communities





Please see the GRI Standards translation page for available translations of the Standards, or to find out more about the upcoming translation schedule and how to get involved.

Related Standards

This Standard is to be used together with the most recent versions of the following documents.